The Carpal Tunnel is a passageway in the wrist. About the size of the index finger, the Carpal Tunnel is formed by the Transverse Carpal Ligament on the underside of the wrist and 8 Carpal Bones on the backside. The median nerve, 9 flexor tendons, arteries and lymphatic vessels all slide back and forth through the Carpal Tunnel.
What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Pressing on a nerve hurts, a lot. Whenever something presses on the median nerve (bone, tendon or fluid) it hurts. When that happens inside the Carpal Tunnel, one of the most common places, it is called Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
What are the Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Pains in the wrists and hands as well as numbness in the fingers are the symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. They are also the symptoms for a number of other repetitive stress injuries. The numbness in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is localized to the thumb and first two fingers.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome often weakens your thumb and therefore your grip.
Pain and numbness are also more prevalent during the night.
How do I know if I Have Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
A few simple tests can help diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Place your hands together backside to backside with both hands flexed 90 degrees downward. Severe or sharp pain in this position is one sign.
Tap the inside of your wrist. Pain and an electrical shock sensation is another sign.
A nerve conduction test or electromyography (EMG), ordered by your doctor, can also reveal more signs of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Certain traits and practices also increase your risk of developing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.